Latin


 

 

 

Greek and Latin Words

from which

English Words are Derived

 

 

 

 

 

Annus ---- year

 

annual - yearly

anniversary - (verto, versum - turn) - celebration marking the turning of a year

biannual - (bi - two) - occuring twice a year

biennial - (bi - two) - every two years

triannual - (tri - three) - every three years

triennial - (tri - three) - three times a year

centennial - (centum - hundred) - every hundred years

millennial - (mille - thousand) - every thousand years

perennial - (per - through) - through the years

annuity - amount of money paid yearly

annals - historical events recorded year by year

 

 

 

 

 

Aqua ---- water

aquarium - a pond or tank of water where fish or water plants can live

aqueduct - (duco, ductum - lead) - a structure for bringing water to where it is needed

aquaculture - (cultura - til, cultivate) - growing food in water (fish, oysters, seaweed)

aquamarine - blue-green color of water

aquaplane - (planus - flat surface) - surf board

Aquarius - a constellation called "Water Carrier"

aqueous humor - (humor - moisture) - fluid fluid in the eye between the lens and cornea

aquifer - (fero, latum - carry) - a layer under the earth where water flows

 

 

 

 

Artis ---- art, skill

 

art - display or application of skill

artist - one who acts or creates with skill

artistic - pertaining to skillful creation

artless - without skill, natural, simple and sincere

artful - full of, or characterized by skill

artificial -  made by man; not occuring naturally

 

 

 

 

Amo or Amatum ---- love

 

amateur - (French from L. amator - lover) - lover; one who enjoys an activity without doing it professionally

amiable - kindly, lovable, good-natured

amicable - friendly, peaceful, cordial

amorous - (-osus - full of) - full of love

enamoured - (in - in) - charmed, captivated, in love

amity - friendship

enmity - (in - no + amity) - ill; hostility

enemy - (in - not + amity) - hostile, unfriendly person

 

 

 

Autos ---- self

 

autograph - (graph - write) - writing the name of oneself

automobile ((L.) mobilis - movable) - self moving

autobiograhy - (bios - life) - life story written by oneself

autocrat - (kratos - power, strength) - power in one person

autonomy - (nomos - law) - being a law to oneself

autodynamic - (dynamikos - power) - supplying its own power

automatic - (matos - think) - a machine that seems to think for itself; self-acting; self-regulating

 

 

 

Biblios ---- book

 

Bible - The Book of the Christian religion

bibiliography - (graph - write) - lost of books on a particular subject

biblioclast - (klastos - broken) - one who destroys books

biblioklept - (klepto - steal) - one who steals books

bibliotary - (latreia - worship) - worship of books

bibliology - (logos - word, study) - study of books

bibliomania - (mania - madness) - craziness about books

bibliophile - (philia - love)  lover of books

bibliophobia - (phobos - fear) - fear or dislike of books

bibliothetic - (thetos - placed) - pertaining to the placement or arrangement of books

 

 

 

Bios ---- life

 

biology - (logos - word, study) - study of life

biography - (graph - write, draw) - written life story

autobiography - (autos - self) - written life story of one's self

microbe - (micro - small) - tiny form of life

amphibian - (amphi - both) - creature who can live both on land and in water

bionic - life-like

biotic - pertaining to life

antibiotic - (anti - against) - against living forms which invade the body

 

 

 

 

Bonus ---- good

 

bonus - something extra good

bon bon (French) - beautifully decorated candy; a good "goody"

bonny (Scottish) - good looking

boon - a good deed; favor

bounteous - (-ous - full of) - plentiful good

bounty - plenty or reward

bonanza - (Spanish - fair weather, prosperity) - rich find in a gold mine

 

 

Centum ---- hundred

 

cent -       one hundreth of a dollar

century -     a set of one hundred

centurion -   Roman military officer over 100 men

centimeter -  (metron - measure) - one hundreth of a meter

centennial -  (annus - year) - a hundred-year celebration or anniversary

percent -     (per - through) - number of parts in every hundred; 10 cents is 10 percent of a dollar

centipede -  (pes, pedis - foot) - hundred -footed "bug"

centigrade - (gradus - step, degree) - temperature scale with one hundred degrees between freezing and

               boiling

 

 

 

 

Cronos ---- time

 

synchronize - (syn - together, same) - do at same time

chronometer - (metron - measure) - device to measure time

chronology - (logos - word, study) - relate events in time sequence

chronic - over a period of time; "from time to time"

chronograph - (graph - write, draw) - device to measure and record time

 

 

 

 

Corpus or Corporis ---- body

 

corporeal - pertaining to the body

corps - military division organized as a body

incorporate - to make into a body

corporation - legally formed group - a body

corpse - dead body

corpulence - a lot of body - fatness

corpus - main body of a fund of wealth - estate

corpuscle - (diminutive of corpus) - small part of the body

 

 

 

 

Demos ---- the people, the citizens

 

democracy - (kratos - power) - people power

demotic - pertaining to the people; popular

demography - (graph - write, draw) -  study of human populations

demophile - (philia - love) - friend of the people

demophobe - (phobos - fear) - one who fears the people

epidemic - (epi - upon) - a plague on the people; disease spread among citizens

 

 

 

Dens or Dentis ---- tooth

 

dent - tooth-like notch in gears, locks, etc.; a small depression

dentist - tooth doctor

dentate - having a tooth edge (leaves)

dental - pertaining to teeth

dentifrice - (frico, fricatum - rub) - toothpaste

dentition - development of teeth; teething

denture - set of teeth (false)

dentiform - (forma - shape) -shaped like a tooth

indent - set a line of print in from the margin

dandelion - (French - dent de lion) - plant called "tooth of the lion" with dentate leaves

 

 

 

 

Discipulus ---- student

 

disciple - a student

discipline - teaching; instruction, field of learning

disciplinary - pertaining to correction, ordered control or teaching

disciplinarian - one who enforces order

 

 

 

Digitus ---- finger, toe, inch

 

digit - finger, numerals from 0 to 9, unit of measure the width of a finger (3/4 of an inch)

digital computer - a computer which usues numerals to mean whole numbers and decimal fractions

digitalis - the "foxglove" plant from which heart medicine is made

prestidigitation - (praesto - at hand, prompt) - a fast-fingered or sleight-of-hand performance of magic or of        card tricks-

 

 

 

Duo ---- two

 

duet - music played or sung by two people

duplicate - (plico, plicatum - fold) - make a second copy

dual - two (as in dual purpose)

dubious - "of two minds" doubtful

duel - fight between two people

duplex - (plico, plicatum - fold) - two homes in one building

duplicity - two - "facedness"; a "double cross"

 

 

 

Dictum ---- speak, say

 

dictate - speak, command

dictation - art or manner of speaking

dictation - speaking so another may write down the words

dictator - one whose word has absolute authority

predict - (pre - before) - to say beforehand what will happen

benediction - (bene - well) - well-spoken words; a blessing

contradict - (contra - against) - speak against

verdict - (versus - truee, real) - a true saying

 

 

 

 

Frater or Fratris ---- brother

 

fraternal -  brotherly

fraternity -  brotherly association of men

fraternize -  associate together on friendly or brotherly terms

friar -       a member of a men's religious order

 

 

 

 

Geo ---- earth

 

geography - (graph - write, draw) - draw the earth (make maps) and write about it

geographer - one who makes maps and writes about the earth

geology - (logos - word, study) - study of the earth and its formations

geologist - one who studies the formations of the earth's crust; rocks, minerals, oil, etc.

geometry - (metron - measure) - branch of study on ways to measure the earth

 

 

 

 

Graph ---- to write or draw

 

photograph - (photo-light) - picture drawn by light

phonograph - (phono - sound) - machine for writing (or recording) sound

telegraph - (tele - distant) - writing from far away

graph - picture information

lithograph - (lithos - stone) - drawing made on a stone

graphite - black carbon used for drawing or writing

autograph - (autos - self) to write one's own name

phonogram - (phono - sound) - written symbol for a sound

hologram - (holos - complete) - a three dimensional photograph of an object

 

 

 

 

 

Hydros ---- water

 

hydroplane - (L. planus - flat surface) - boat that glides on the surface of the water
hydrophobia - (phobos - fear) - fear of water

dehydrate - (de - down, away from) - take water away

hydrogen - (genos, origin) - a gas which, when burned, produces water

hydrophone - (phone, sound) - instrument to "hear" underwater

hydrology - (logos - word, study) - study of water

hudroelectric - (electron - amber) - electricity produced by moving water

 

 

 

 

 

Helios ---- sun

 

Helios - sun god; also called Apollo or Phaethon

heliotrope - (tropos - turn) - plant which turns toward the sun

helium - light gas used in balloons

perihelion - (peri - around, near) - closest point to the sun in earth's orbit

aphelion - (apo - away from) - furthest point from the sun in earth's orbit

helioscope - (skopeo - look) - telescope for looking at the sun

heliometer - (metron - measure) - instrument for measuring the diameter of the sun

 

 

 

 

 

Ignis ---- fire

 

igneous - pertaining to fire

ignite - set on fire

ignition - act of "firing up" or starting an engine; setting anything afire

 

 

 

 

 

Junctum - join, unite, connect

join - connect, fasten together

joint - place where two parts are connected

conjugal - relating to the joining of man and woman in marriage

conjugation - a set of verb endings joined with the stem*

conjunction - word joining two parts of a sentence

disjointed - (dis - separate) - separated at the joints

junction - point of connection; railway crossing

subjugate - (sub - under) to connect under the yoke of power

 

     

 

 

Kinesis ---- movement

 

kinetic - relating to movement of bodies

kinesiology - (logos - word or study) - study of human movement

kinescope - (skopeo - look at) - a machine which shows pictures of movent

cinema - motion pictures

cinematographer - motion picture photographer

 

 

 

 

Lithos ---- stone

 

lithograph - (graph - write, draw) - picture drawn on stone so the stone can "draw a picture"

monolith - (monos - one, alone) - lone stone

megalith - (megas - large) - large stone

lithology - (logos - word, study) - study of rocks or stone

lithosphere - (sphaira - ball, globe) - the rocky crust of the earth

paleolithic - (paleo - old, ancient) - ancient stone age after the eolithic period

neolithic - (neo - new) - new or late stone age

 

 

 

 

Logos ---- word or to study

 

logic - reasoning to gain knowledge and wisdom

geology- (geo - earth) study of the earth

astrology - (astron - star) - knowledge from the stars

biology - (bios - life) - study of physical life

zoology - (zoon - animal) study of animals

technology - (techne - art, skill) - study of how to improve an art or a skill

anthropology - (anthropos - man) - study of mankind

psychology - (psyche - soul, life) - study of the soul or mental life of man

legend - a story to be read

 

 

 

 

 

Luna ---- moon

 

lunar - of or pertaining to the moon

lunatic - mad; affected by the moon

lunacy - madness caused by the moon; "moonstruck"

 

 

 

 

Manus ---- hand

 

manufacture - (facio, factum - making) - make by hand

manifest - (festus - hit) - to hit by hand; easily perceived

manicotti - (manica - sleeve) - sleeve-like pasta

manuscript - (scribo, scriptum - write) - writing, written by hand

manumit - (mitto, missum - send) - to send forth or release from one's hand (grasp)

 

 

 

 

Metron ---- measure

 

meter - unit of measure - 39.47 inches long

geometry - (geo - earth) measurement of the earth

optometry - (opsis - sight) measure eyesight
symmetry - (sym - same, equal) - measuring the same

barometer - (baros - pressure) - device to measure air pressure

theremometer - (thermos - heat) - measure heat

diameter - (dia - through, across) - measuring across

centimeter - (centum - hundred) - one hundreth of a meter

anemometer - (anemos - wind) - measure wind speed

 

 

 

Mille ---- thousand

 

mile - a thousand paces (1 pace = 2 steps - one wit each foot)

mill - one thousandth of a dollar

milimeter - (metron - measure) - one thousandth of a meter

millennium - (annus - year) - thousand-year period or anniversary

millipede - (ped, pedi - foot) - thousand-footed "bug"

 

 

 

 

 

Nomen or Nominis ---- name

 

nominate - suggest someone's name for office

nomination - act of naming a candidate for office

nominal - in name only; not real or actual

nomenclature - (calo, calatum - call) - system of names used to classify knowledge; what we call things

nom de plume - (French) - pen name of an author

denominations - (de - down from) names of classes or categories, e.g., religions, money

denominator - part of a fraction below the line

 

 

 

 

Octo ---- eight

 

October - eighthmonth in the old Roman calender

octopus - (ponus, podos [Gr.] - foot) - eight-footed ocean creature

octogenarian - (octogeni - 80 each) - person between 80 and 89 years old

octagon - (gonia [Gr.] - angle) - figure with eight sides and eight corners or angles

octennial - (annus - year) - eight-year period or celebration

 

 

 

 

Phone ---- sound

 

phonograph - (graph - write, draw) - writing wth sound

telephone - (tele - far away) - sound from far away

phonograph - (gramma - letter) - written sound

euphony - (eu - well, good) - good or pleasant sound

symphony - (sym - together) - sounds that go together

megaphone - (mega - big) - device to make sounds BIG

microphone - (mikros - small) device to transmit or record small sounds

 

 

 

 

Pro ----  before or in place of

 

proboscis - (boskein [Gr.] - feed, graze) - trunk or snout for grazing

prologue - (logos [Gr.] - word, study) - words before beginning a play or book

proclaim - (clamo, clamatum - shout) - announce, cry out publish

pronoun - (nomen - name) - word that stands for a noun (I, you, he, she, we, they, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre ---- before, in front of

 

predict - (dico, dictum - say) - say beforehand, foretell

preamble - (ambulo, ambulatum - walk) - that which goes before

precaution - (caveo, cautum - be on guard) - being on guard beforehand

precursor - (curro, cursum - run) one who runs ahead

prefer - (fero, latum - bear, carry) - carry to a forward position or rank

pregnant - (gigno, genitum - bring forth) - condition before birth

prejudice - (juicium - judgement) - make judgement beforehand

 

 

 

 

Philia ----love, friendship

 

philospher - (sophia - wisdom) - one who studies ideas

Philidelphia - (adelphos - brother) - city of brotherly love

philanthropist - (anthropos - man) - one who cares about his fellow man – usually by giving money to

              good causes.

phillumenist - (lumen - light) - one who collects match covers

philogynist - (gyne - woman) - one who supports women’s interests

philologist - (logos - word) - one who studies words, languages, and word origins

Anglophile - (Angli - English) one who has a high opinion of England

Francophile - (Francus - France) - one who has a high opinion of France

 

 

 

 

Photos  ---- light

 

photograph- (graph - write, draw)-picture drawn by light

telephoto -  (tele-distant) - light from far away

photometer - (metron-measure) - a device which measures light

phototropic - (tropos-turn) - turning toward light

photosynthesis - (syn - together, thesis-putting) –

                   a process of putting things together by using light

 

 

 

Phobos ---- fear

 

phobia - irrational fear

agoraphobia - (agora - field) - fear of open space

claustrophobia - (claustrum (L.) - lock or bolt) - fear of closed (locked or bolted) places

hydrophobia - (hydro - water) - disease which makes it difficult to swallow, thought to be fear of water

phobophobia - fear of fear itself

zoophobia - (zoon - animal) - fear of animals

toxikophobia - (toxifos - poison) - fear of poison

Phobos - a moon of the planet Mars

 

 

 

Pedis ---- foot

 

pedestal - foot of a column

pedestrian - walker - on foot

pedal - foot lever

peddle, peddler - house-to-house salesman

pedicure - (curo, curatum - care) - care for the feet

pedometer - measures distance walked

pawn - (in chess) - the foot of soldiers

 

 

 

 

Pyro  ---- fire

 

pyrotechnics - (techne - work, skill) - one who is skilled wih fire works

pyrotechnician - (techne - work, skill) - one who is skilled with fireworks

pyre - huge bonfire for burning bodies at ancient funerals (and even today in India)

pyromaniac - (mania - craze) - a person who plays with fire

pyrometer - (metron - measure) - instrument to measure very hot temperatures

 

 

 

Sonus ---- sound

 

sound - vibrations perceived by our ears

sonic - relating to what we can hear

sonnet - a form of rhyming Italian poetry

sonovox - a machine that makes sound effect voices

sonar - device that hears sound underwater

sonata - an instrumental (not vocal) musical composition with three or four movements

consonant - (con - with) - speech sounds made with lips, tongue or teeth

 

 

 

Skopeo ---- look at, inspect, consider, examine

 

scope - all that the eye can see

microscope - (mikros- small) - device to look at small objects

periscope - (peri - around) device for seeing around obstacles

kaleidoscope - (Kalos - beautiful; eidos - form) - device for seeing arrangements of color.

episcopal - (epi - on, over) overseen by bishops or "overseers"

 

 

 

Sol ---- sun

 

solar - pertaining to the sun

solar system - the sun with the objects which revolve around it

solarium - a sun dial; a glass-enclosed sun room

parasol - (Italian - parare - to ward off) - a light portable sunshade

solstice - (sisto, statum - set, cause to stand) - stopping or standing still of the sun

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trans ---- across, over, beyond, through

 

transport - (porto, portatum - carry) - carry across

transaction - (ago, actum - do, drive) - trade, exchange

transcript - (scribo, scriptum - write) - speech put into writing

transfer - (fero, latum - carry) - carry across

transform - (formo, formatum - form, shape) - change over to a different form

transplant - (planta - sprout, plant) - move a plant

transparent - pareo - appear) - appear or be seen through

 

 

 

 

 

Terra ---- land

 

territory - land under control of a government or owner

terrace - raised platform of earth

terrestrial - pertaining to the earth

extraterrestrial - (extra - outside) - outside the earth's atmosphere

 

 

 

Hypnos ---- sleep

 

hypnosis - sleep-like state controlled by a hypnotizer

hypnotize - put into a hypnotic sleep or trance

hypnotic - tending to induce sleep

hypnotherapy - (therapeia - treatment) - treatment of disease by hypnosis

Hypnos - god of sleep on Greek mythology; Somnus

 

 

Tres ---- three

 

trio – three together

tricycle - (cycle - wheel) - a three-wheeled vehicle

tripod - (podos [Gr.] - foot a three-legged stand for a camera or other instrument

triangle - (angulus - corner angle) - a figure with three straight sides and three corner angles

triennial - (annus - year) - every three years

triceratops - (keras - horn; tops - face [Gr.]) - three horned face

trilobite - (lobus - a rounded division) - a prehistoric animal having three rounded divisions of the body

 

 

 

 

 

Petros ---- rock, stone

 

petrified - (facio, factum - make, do) - made into stone

petrifaction - process of making into stone

petroleum - (oleum - olive, olive oil) - oil from rocks

petroglyph - (glyphein - carve) - rock carving

 

 

 

 

 

Astron ---- star

 

aster - star-shaped flower

astronomer - (onoma - name) - one who names the stars

asteroid - (eidos - form) - in the form of a star

astrologer - (logos - study, knowledge) - one who gets knowledge from stars

astronaut - (nauta - sailor) - star sailor

astral - pertaining to stars (astral navigation - navigating by the stars)

 

 

 

 

Stella ---- star

 

stellar - pertaining to a star, or stars

constellation - (cum - together) - group of stars

stellate - star-shaped

stellascope - (skopeo [Gr.] - look at) - instrument for looking at the stars; astronomical telescope

stellerid - a star fish

stellify - (facio, factum - make) - transform a person or thing into a star or constellation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tempus or Temporis ---- time

 

temporal - pertaining to time

temporary - for a limited time

temporize - play for time; stall

extemporaneous - (ex - out) - speak or act (or out of) the time without preparation

contemporary- (cum - togetyer, with) - with the time

contemporaries - people who are alive at the same time

tempo - (Italian from Latin) - time in music; rate of speed at which a piece of music moves

tense - (French: temps) - verb forms which indicate past, present, or future time

 

 

 

 

Para ---- beside, along with

 

parable - (ballein- to throw) - to throw a story in for comparison while teaching a lesson or moral

parachute - (L. cadere - to fall) - goes along with you as you fall and slows you down

parenthesis - (thesis - place) - a statement placed beside (or within) the main sentence

paragraph - (graph - write) - an editing mark beside a page of print to show needed indentation

parallel - (allos - other) - lying along side of another line

 

 

 

 

Inter ---- between, among, amid

 

international - (natio - nation, race, kindred) - between or among nations

interject - (jacio, jactum - throw) - throw between

interaction - ( ago, actum - act, perform) - dicussionof action between or among people

intervene - (venio, ventum - come) - come between

intergalactic - (galactos [Gr.] - milk) - between stars in the Milky Way

interlude - (ludus - play) - light entertainment in the midst of serious activities; a "break"

 

 

 

Techne ---- art or skill

 

technology - (logos - word, study) - study of how to do things

technical - pertaining to the applied skills involved in all kinds of work and science

technique - expert skill in accomplishing something

technician - on who is skilled in details of an art or subject

architect - (archi - cheif, master) - a master builder

architecture - art or science of building

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liber or Libri ---- book or books

 

library - place where books are kept

librarian - one in charge of a library

libretto - (Italian - booklet) - words to which opera music has been written

librettist - one who writes a libretto

libel - written accusation

 

 

 

 

 

Mikros ---- small

 

microphone - (phone - sound) - device for transmitting a small sound over distance

microbe - (bios - life) - tiny form of life

microcosm - (cosmos - world) - a tiny world

microscope - (skopeo - look at) - instrument for looking at tiny things

microwave - electromagnetic wave between 1 and 100 centimeters long

 

 

 

 

Megas ---- great, large, big

 

megaphone - (phone - sound) - device for making a sound larger (louder)

megalith - (lithos - rock) - huge rock (such as those in Stonehenge)

megalomania - (mania - craze) - crazy person with delusions of grandeur or greatness

megalophonous - (phone - sound) - having a big or loud sound or voice

mega - in the metric system, a million time

megatons - a million tons – often used to describe explosive power in nuclear weapons

 

 

 

Magnus ---- big, large, great

 

magnify - (facio, factum - make, do) - make larger

magnifier - that which makes greater

magnitude - (-tudo - ness) - greatness

magnate - person of great rank or influence

magnificent - great in deed or character; lavish

magnanimous - magnanimous - (animus - mind, spirit) - great in mind; above what is low, mean or           ungenerous; noble soul

 

 

 

Pater or Patris ---- father

 

patriarch -  father of a family or of a society

patriotism - love for the fatherland

patrician -  nobly born person; descendant of the founding fathers of Rome

patrimony - condition or estate inherited from one's fathers

patron   -  one who acts like a father toward another

 

 

 

 

 

Mater or Matris ---- mother

 

matriach -  a woman who rules the family

maternal -  motherly

maternal -  grandparents - parents of one's mother

matrimony - state from which motherhood develops

 

 

 

 

 

Populus ---- people

 

people - a collection of persons

public - general body of people in a community

republic - (res - thing) - public thing or entity

publish - make known to people in general

populace - the common people

popular - pleasing to people in general

population - whole number of people in an area

 

 

 

 

 

Polis ---- city

 

metropolis - (meter - mother) - mother city - or main city with smaller suburbs around it

political - concerning management of a city

police - those who keep order in the city

polite - having city (civilized) manners

policy - course of action adopted in the management of the city

 

 

 

 

 

Pathos ---- feeling suffering

 

pathos             -           dramatic device to cause pity, sympathy or sorrow

pathetic -          marked by suffering or sorrow

pathology -       study of suffering or disease

apathy -            not feeling; lack of feeling

antipathy -        (anti - against) - feeling against

sympathy -       (syn - together) - to feel what another feels

telepathy -        (tele - far away) - knowing how someone far away feels

 

 

 

 

 

Scribo or Scriptum ---- write

 

 

scriptures - sacred writings (Bible, Torah)

inscription - (in - in) - writing in a book or in stone

describe - (de - down) - write down

proscription - (pro - for) - written list of names put up for all to see

prescription - (pre - before) - something written ahead (doctor's direction to a pharmacist)

scribe - one who knows how to write

transcribe (trans - across) - transfer speech into writing

manuscript - (manus - hard) - written by hand

script - writing (e.g.*, the words of a play)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scio or Sci ---- to know

 

science - knowledge which results from study

scientific - kind of knowledge gained from careful study

conscience - (con - with, together) - knowledge of right and wrong

prescience - (prae - before) - foreknowledge

conscious - (con - with, together) - sharing knowledge; metally awake or active

omniscience - (omnis - all) - knowing all

 

 

 

 

Sauros ---- lizard

 

dinosaur - (deinos - terrible) - terrible lizard

tyrannosaurus - (tyrannos - absolute ruler) - tyrant lizard (ate anyone he wanted to eat)

allosasurus - (allos - leap) - leaping lizard

stegasaurus - (stego - roof) - lizard with a shell on his back

brontosaurus - (brontos - thunder) - thunder lizard

ankylosaurus - (anklos - crooked, bent) - lizard with bony plates sticking up from his neck

 

 

 

 

 

Syn ----with, together

 

sympathy - (pathos - feeling) - to feel the feelings of someone else – to care

symphony - (phone - sound) - sounds that go together – a musical group with many instruments

synthesis - (thesis - put, place) - putting together things or ideas

synthetic - material made by putting cemicals together

photosynthesis - (photo - light) – a process by which light puts plant nutrients together from sun power.

    

synonym - (onoma - name) - two words with same meaning

synagogue - (ago - bring) - place to bring people together to worship in the Jewish faith

synchronize - (chronos - time) - to do things at the same time

 

 

 

Tele ---- far away, distant

 

television - (video, visium (L.) - see) - distant things

telephone - (phone - sound) - sound from far away

telegraph - (graph - write) - writing from a distant

telephoto - (photo - light) - light from far away

telescope - (skopeo - look at) - device for looking at distant objects

telepathy - (pathos - feeling) - knowing how someone far away is feeling

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thermos ---- heat

 

thermal - relating to heat

thermos bottle - insulated bottle which keeps the contents hot or cold

thermometer - (metron - measure) - device for measuring heat

thermotropic - (tropos - turn) - turning toward heat

thermogenic - (genos - origin) - causing or originating (generating) heat

termoplastic - (plastos - shape, mold) - can be molded or formed when heated

 

 

 

 

 

Tropos ---- turning

 

tropics - the area of the earth from the equator north to the

        Tropic of Cancer and south to the Tropic of Capricorn

tropical - the climate of the sea earth in the tropics

phototropic - (photo - light) - turning toward light as leaves and flowers do

heliotrope - (helios - sun) - a flower named for its tendency to turn toward the sun

theremotropism - (thermos - heat) - turning toward heat

 

 

 

 

Thesis ---- put, place, position

 

thesis - a postion taken in an argument supported by a set of reasons

theme - an essay or composition on a certain subject with a statement and supporting reasons

parenthesis - (para - beside) - statement beside (or inside) a main sentence

synthetic - (syn - together) - elements put together to make a material like a natural one

synthesizer - (syn - together) – an electronic instrument which puts sounds together like real musical

hypothesis – to set down or put in place an educated guess

 

 

 

 

 

 

Urbs or Urbis ---- city

 

urban - pertaining to the city

suburb - (sub - under, below, near) - outlying part of a city; smaller town near a city

sububanite - one who lives in a suburb

interurban - (inter - between) - between cities

urbane - polite; having city manners

urbanity - civility; courtesy, politeness

urbanites - those who live in a city

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unus ---- one

 

unit - one part of a series or of a whole

union - act of making one out of many

E pluribus unum - motto of U.S.A. "one out of many" states

untied - together as one

universe - (verto, versum - turn) - star galaxy which turns as one entity (like a cosmic pinwheel)

university -  (verto, versum - turn) - many colleges joined together to function as one body

unicorn - (cornu - horn) - mythical horse with one horn on its head

unison - (sonus - sound) - voices singing or musical instruments playing the same notes at the same time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vivo ---- life, lively, or to live

 

vivid - lively, animated, spirited

revive - (re - back, again) - come back to life

survive - (sur [F. from L.] super - over) - to live over or beyond a threat of death

vivacity - liveliness, vigor

convivial - (con - with, together) - relating to feasting together

viand - food to support life

victual - (pronounced "vit'l") - food to support life

 

 

 

 

 

 

Video or Visum ---- to see

 

television - (tele [Gr.] - far away) - machine for seeing things far away

videophone -(phone [Gr.]  - sound) - TV screen for seeing the person you sre talking to on the telephone

Montevideo - (mons, montis - mountain) - "Mountain-view" a city in Uruguay

video - picture portion of television

evidence (e, ex - out) out of what one can see

advise - (ad - to, toward) - look and tell your view

invisible - (in - not) not to be seen

 

 

 

 

Vulcanus ---- Vulcan - Roman god of fire

 

volcano - a crack in the earth pouring out hot magma (molten rock) and hot gasses

volcanic - like or pertaining to volcanoes

vulcanize - to treat raw rubber with heat and sulphur

vulcanology - (logos - word, study) - the study of volcanoes

 

 

 

 

 

Verbum word

 

verb - the action word in a sentence

proverb - (pro - forward) - a wise or profound saying

verbal - of, or pertaining to, words

verbiage - use of too many words; chatter

verbose - (-osus - full of) - wordy, full of words

verbatim - word-for-word cory or record

verbalize - to express in words

verberim - game in which a word is changed into others by rearranging its letters

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zoon ---- animal

 

zoo - a zoological park or collection of animals

zoology - (logos - word, study) - study of animals

paleozoic - (paleo - early, achaic) - early animal period on earth(many fossils)

proterozoic - (protereo - earlier) - earlier animal period (few fossils; worms)